History of War

IN THE 20TH CENTURY

 

Korean War: Timeline (1950-1953)

Korean War Statistics

American military deaths: 36,000

South Korean military deaths: 415,000

Estimated Chinese and North Korean military deaths: 1,500,000

Peak American troop strength: 326,863

Peak Chinese troop strength: 1,350,000

Total civilians killed/wounded: Estimated 2.5 million

South Korean civilians killed/wounded: 990,968

South Korean civilians abducted/missing: 387,744

North Korean civilians killed/wounded: Estimated 1,550,000

June 25, 1950
With permission from the Soviet Union, North Korea invades South Korea and continues towards the capital of Seoul. South Korea does not have a strong enough army to stop it.

June 25, 1950
Worried that South Koreans will join the communists, President Syngman Rhee starts the Summer of Terror and orders over 100,000 people killed.

June 27, 1950
Korean War map President Harry Truman sends U.S. troops to Korea. The U.S. and other countries in the United Nations join the war in an effort to stop communism from spreading to South Korea.

July 4, 1950
American troops fight North Korean troops in Osan. Expecting an easy victory, the Americans are surprised to be defeated by the North Korean army.

September 15, 1950
American UN General Douglas MacArthur leads an invasion into South Korea at the city of Inchon. From there, the United Nations troops go to Seoul and take it back from North Korea.

October 20, 1950
U.S. troops push their way into Pyongyang, the capital of North Korea.

October 1950
China joins the war to fight with North Korea and the Soviet Union. China's army, the People's Volunteer Army, wins several important victories and pushes the U.S. and South Korean troops back across the 38th parallel.

November 24, 1950
General MacArthur orders the United Nations forces to move to the Yalu River, the border between North Korea and northeast China, in the “Home by Christmas Offensive,” . This attack is unsuccessful due to an 180,000 strong offensive by the Chinese, forcing them to retreat.

February 1, 1951
With neither side gaining ground, peace talks begin. However, it takes two years to come to an agreement while the war drags on.

April 1951
General MacArthur publicly disagrees with President Truman about whether or not to bomb China and as a result MacArthur is fired. Truman believed that bombing China would have led to a much bigger war.

September 13-October 15, 1951
The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge. American and French troops start a battle with North Korean and Chinese troops in a part of South Korea known as the Punchbowl. The U.S. and France win the month-long battle.

July 27, 1953
North Korea and South Korea sign a peace agreement. Korea remains divided, but the two countries agree to create a neutral zone called the Demilitarized Zone to separate the countries.