LIS 505 - HTML

HTML

Short for HyperText Markup Language. Coding scheme for creating Web pages using a variety of standard elements, marked by tags; many elements may be refined via attributes added to their start tags.

HTML tags

Standard HTML tags are defined by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). W3C
Common HTML Elements
Start tag Meaning Some attributes
<html> HTML code
<title> Title that appears in the browser's caption bar
<body> Material to be rendered in the browser's window background
bgcolor
<h1>
<h2>
<h3>
<h4>
<h5>
<h6>
Headings for sections, subsections, etc.
<p> Paragraph
<br> Line break
<ul> Unordered list
<ol> Ordered list
<li> List item
<i> Italics
<b> Boldface
<center> Horizontally centered
<img> Image src
<a> Anchor (link and/or link target) href
name

GIF

Short for Graphics Interchange Format. One of the file formats used for images on Web pages. Supports 256 colors, transparent bits, and simple animation. Compressed, but no information is lost (except color if the original uses too many colors).

JPEG

Short for Joint Photographic Experts Group. One of the file formats used for images on Web pages. Information is lost, with how much depending on the degree of compression.

PNG

Short for Portable Network Graphics. A file format used for some images on Web pages. Not supported by older browsers.

MS FrontPage

A Microsoft software package for creating and managing Web pages.

frames

In HTML, sections of the browser display, the contents of each of which represent a different Web page. A Web page that defines frames omits the body element, using instead a frameset element that includes two or more frame elements.

WYSIWYG

Short for what you see is what you get. Reflecting in an editing display how a document or other object will appear in the final output.
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Last updated April 22, 2003.
This page maintained by Prof. Tim Craven
E-mail (text/plain only): craven@uwo.ca
Faculty of Information and Media Studies
University of Western Ontario,
London, Ontario
Canada, N6A 5B7