LIS 505 - Word processing and desktop publishing

word processing

word wrap

A feature that breaks text automatically in order to force it to fit within defined margins.

justification

Aligning text along the left and/or right margins.

ragged right

Not aligned with the right margin.

leading

Vertical spacing between lines of text. Also called line spacing.

fonts

Designs for sets of characters, including typeface, size, weight (how bold, or thick, the characters are), and style (whether the characters are italic, or how slanted they are).

typefaces

Designs for sets of characters, not generally including size, weight, or style. Common examples of typefaces are Times Roman, Helvetica, and Courier.
serifs
Small decorative lines added to the basic forms of characters.
sans serif typefaces
Typefaces, such as Arial, that do not use serifs.
scalable fonts
Computer fonts represented in a way that is independent of size. Examples are PostScript and TrueType fonts. Also called outline fonts, object-oriented fonts, or vector fonts. Most modern computer fonts are scalable, but there are a few, such as System, that are not.

search and replace

A feature that allows the user to replace occurrences of one string of characters in a text with another string of characters. Also called find and replace . Normally found together with a simple search or find feature that allows the user to find occurrences of a string of characters without changing them.

pagination

Dividing a document into pages and/or numbering the pages.

previewing

Formatting a document for a printer but displaying the result on the screen.

footnotes

Texts at the bottoms of pages, linked to passages in the main text by symbols (usually numbers) and giving additional information, sometimes on the source of material cited. ComputerUser

headers

In word processing, material that appears at the top of each page (or every odd or even page).

footers

In word processing, material that appears at the bottom of each page (or every odd or even page).

selecting

Designating objects or text passages for further manipulation, such as copying. Also called marking.

cutting

Removing an object or text passage from a document and placing it in a temporary location for future use.

copying

Placing a copy of an object or text passage in a temporary location without removing the original from a document.

pasting

In word processing, inserting a copy of an object or text passage into a document from a temporary location.

spell checkers

Software that checks the spelling of words.

undoing

Returning to a previous state by cancelling the effect of one or more recent commands.

toolbars

Rows or columns of image buttons that allow users to select application functions. whatis.com.

defaults

Values or settings that hardware or software selects automatically if the user does not specify anything else.

desktop publishing

kerning

Adjusting the space between characters to improve how they look together.

clip art

Stock electronic illustrations designed to be inserted into documents.

ergonomics

The science of designing safe and comfortable machines for humans.
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Last updated October 29, 2002.
This page maintained by Prof. Tim Craven
E-mail (text/plain only): craven@uwo.ca
Faculty of Information and Media Studies
University of Western Ontario,
London, Ontario
Canada, N6A 5B7