INDEX

This index is not a string index. As noted in Chapter 8, string indexing systems are not generally best for book indexing. The software by means of which this book has been indexed instead follows a sort of chain procedure. It is also designed to conform to the publisher's guidelines for indexes.

Coverage is necessarily somewhat selective. Emphasis is placed on giving detailed access to all mentions of specific string indexing systems in the main text of Chapters 1 through 8. Names of person, indexes, and organizations are covered, but often by way of cross-references to names of indexing systems. Access is generally provided for other topics only where the text discusses them at length. Chapter 9 and the Preface, summaries, and appendices are not indexed at all.

Typographic conventions are few. Names of specific string indexing systems appear in upper case.

{For this electronic edition, hot links have been added for the initial pages of index entries. These links lead only to the beginnings of pages as defined in the original published book. The user may therefore need to scan down somewhat to find the indexed material.}

ABC-SPINDEX,  26*
  alphabetical citation order, 100*
Access term,   5*
  input string,  59* -60
  network diagram,  12*
Accessibility, database, 170*
Adjective, 118* -119
  backward pointing, 131* -132
  network diagram,  14*
  repetition after, 131* -132
Aitchison, evaluation, 180*
Alphabetical
  citation order, 100*
  sorting, 149* -150
Alternate term, 123* -125
  cross-reference substitution, 144*
Ambiguity, term, input string,  58*
America: History And Life, see ABC-SPINDEX
American Standard Code For Information Interchange, 149* -150
Ancillary input,  72* -77, see also Golist; Stoplist;
        Thesaurus
  lead only term, 129*
Anderson, see CIFT
Anglo-American Cataloging Rules,  30*
Annotated Bibliography on Technical Writing,
    Editing, Graphics, and Publishing, plural, sorting, 155*
Armstrong, see TOPSI-UNIV
Arrangement, see Citation order; Sorting
Articulated Subject Index, see ASI
ASCII, see
    American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASI,  24*
  accessibility, database, 170*
  alternate term, 124*
  backward pointing
    adjective, 131*
    preposition, 117* , 132*
  citation order, 104*
  coding software,  91*
  connective
    sorting, 152*
    tree structure, input string,  67*
  database, citation order control, 111*
  heading, 158*
  linktype,  61*
  omission, parallel term, 136* -137
  ordinary language, indexer assistance,  80*
  time, coding, 169*
Assistance,  79* -94, 169*
  online cross-reference, 145*
Austin, see PRECIS
Authority list,  81* -83, see also Thesaurus
Back of book ndex,  49* -50
Background, dark, 159*
Backward pointing
  adjective, 131* -132
  preposition, 117* , 132*
Bakewell, PRECIS evaluation, 180*
Baser, see ABC-SPINDEX
Bath University Centre for Catalogue Research, KWIC,  20*
Bhattacharyya, see POPSI
Bibliotheca Britannica, title catchword index,  49*
Biological Abstracts, KWIC
  background, dark, 159*
  term, input string,  59*
  title enrichment,  81*
Book ndex,  49* -50
Bracket, tree structure, input string,  64* -65
British Library, see PRECIS
British National Bibliography, see PRECIS
British Technology Index, see Chain Procedure
Browsing,   1*
Cambridge Crystallographic Database
  index producer, citation order control, 112*
  stoplist,  73* -198
  term, input string,  59*
Campey, INDACS evaluation, 180* -181
Case ending, 114*
  substitute term, 126* -127
CASIN,  35* -37
  access term, input string,  60*
  alternate term, 124*
  backward pointing preposition, 117*
  connective, 116*
  error detection,  88* -89
  information resource, 168*
  lead only term, 128*
  linktype,  61*
  omission, parallel term, 135* -136
  ordinary language, indexer assistance,  80*
  proof of performance, 168*
  subject, indexed item, 164*
  worksheet,  84*
Catalog display system,  29* -32
  electronic worksheet,  87*
  unit card,  51*
Catchword index,  49*
Catholic University Of America, KWOC, sorting, 155* -156
Chain Procedure,  52* -53
  EPSILON evaluation, 18* 1* -183
  multiterm expression, cross-reference, 146* -147
Character by character sorting, 149* -150
Chemical Abstracts Service, term, input string,  59*
Chronological order, 152* -154
CIFT,  43* -45
  access term, input string,  60*
  accessibility, database, 170*
  chronological order, 154*
  connective, 114* , 157* -158
  cross-reference, 145*
  documentation,  80*
  general before special order, 154*
  heading, 158*
  index string display, indexer assistance,  87*
  information resource, 168*
  linktype,  61* -62
  proof of performance, 168*
  repetition, 131*
  role code
    citation order control, 105* , 107*
    faceted approach,  81*
  sorting, 150*
  subject, indexed item, 164*
  term error correction,  90*
  thesaurus,  74*
    note generation, 148*
  typography, 156* -157
  vocabulary control, 170*
  worksheet,  84* -87
Citation order,  95* -113
Clarity,   7* -8
CLASE, term list input string,  25* -26
Classaurus,  83*
Classification scheme, see Colon Classification;
      Dewey Decimal Classification
Coates, see also Chain Procedure
  citation order,  96*
  first-coming-to-mind principle,  99*
Code,   4* -5
Coded input string system,  28* -49
Collection, see Indexed item
Collocation,   7* -8
  sorting, 148*
  term, input string,  58*
Colon Classification,  34* ,  35*
  Chain Procedure,  52* -52
Column layout, 159*
Combination order, see Citation order
Compound, see Multiterm; Multiword
Conaway, usability measure, 180*
Connective,   2*, 114* -119, 157* , see also Preposition;
        Punctuation
  sorting, 152*
  tree structure, input string,  67*
  typography, 157*
Context dependency principle,  96* -99
Context principle,  96* -97, 104* -105
Contextual Indexing and Faceted Taxonomic Access System, see
    CIFT
Cost, 168*
  INDACS evaluation, 180* -181
Craven, see LIPHIS; NEPHIS; NETPAD
Cross-reference,   2*, 143* -148, see also Thesaurus
Current State Legislation, KWIC, background, dark, 159*
Current Technology Index, Chain Procedure, multiterm
    expression, cross-reference, 146* -147
Cutter, term informativeness citation order,  99*
Cycling,  19*
  citation order, 101*
  linear structure, input string,  63*
Database, 169* -170
  citation order control, 111* -112
Database management system, string indexing system design,
    176* -179
DBASE II, string indexing system design, 176* -179
DBMS, see Database management system
Decreasing concreteness principle,  99*
Dependency principle,  97* -98, 104* -105
Description, see also Connective; Index string;
        Input string; Term
  index entry,   1* -2
Descriptor, see Term
Detail, 169*
  omission, 121* -123
Devadason, see DSIS
Dewey Decimal Classification
  catalog display system,  30*
  Chain Procedure,  52*
Discipline, citation order control, 107* -108
Documentation,  79* -80, 168*
DOUBLE-KWIC,  23*
  golist, index producer assistance,  93* -94
  heading, 159*
  INDACS evaluation, 180* -181
  index display, 171* -172
  linear structure, input string,  63*
  substitute term, 125*
  term list input string,  25*
Dowell, coded input string system,  28*
DSIS,  35*
Dutta, see PASI
East, coded input string system,  28*
Effectiveness, search,   6* -8, see also Precision ratio;
        Recall ratio
Efficiency, search,   6* -8,   8*-11
Ekern, see KWIDR
Electronic worksheet,  87*
Eliminability,   7* -8
  citation order, 101* -104
Environment, 163* -168, see also Searcher
EPSILON evaluation, 181* -183
Error
  correction,  90* -91
  detection,  88* -89
Evaluation, 179* -185
Faceted approach,  80* -81
Falk, see ABC-SPINDEX
Farradane, see also RELATIONAL INDEXING
  bracket, tree structure, input string,  65*
  connective, 115*
  string indexing system illustration, 180*
Feinberg, frequency distribution, stoplist,  73* -198
Filing order, 148* -156
First-coming-to-mind principle,  99*
Form (worksheet),  83* -87
Format, indexed item, 165*
Formatting, 156* -162
Frequency distribution, stoplist,  73* -198
Funding, 167* -168
Garfield, see KWPSI; PERMUTERM
General before special order, 154*
Generic, see Lead only
Golist,  19*
  index producer assistance,  93* -94
Graphic display, see also Network diagram
  indexer assistance,  92* -93
Gulutzan, connective, 115*
Gupta, coded input string system,  35*
Hardware, 167* -168, 171*
Harris, Library of Congress Subject Headings,
    rare term first citation order, 100*
Heading, 158* -160
  multipage formatting, 161* -162
Homograph, see Ambiguity
Human language, see Ordinary language
Hutchins, citation order, 100*
INDACS evaluation, 180* -181
Indentation, 158*
Index,   1*, see also  specific type
Index display,   3*,   5* -6, 171* -173
Index element, see also Cross-reference; Index entry; Note
  order, see Sorting
Index entry,   1,   3-4, see also Index string; Locator
Index producer
  assistance,  93* -94
  citation order control, 112* -113
  detail control, omission, 122*
Index string,   4* , see also  specific aspect
  display, indexer assistance,  87*
Index string generator,   4* , see also
       specific string indexing system
  network diagram,  14* -16
Indexed item,   1, 164* -166, see also Format; Index string;
        Input string
Indexer, 167* -168
  assistance,  79* -93, 169*
  citation order control, 108* -111
Information resource, 167* -168
Input,  57* -58, 168* -169, see also Golist; Stoplist;
        Thesaurus
Input string,   5* ,  57* -72, see also Citation order
Institute for Scientific Information, see PERMUTERM
International Crops Research Institute for the
    Semi-arid Tropics, see PASI
IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM,  45* -46
  alternate term, 125*
  detail, 169*
  information resource, 167*
  omission, parallel term, 135* -136
Irrelevant information, efficiency, search,   9-10
Jamieson evaluation, 184* -185
Kaiser, see Systematic Indexing
Keen, see EPSILON; TOPSI-UNIV
Key Word In Context, see KWIC
Key Word Out of Context, see KWOC
Key Word/Phrase Subject Index, see KWPSI
Key Words In Defined Rotation, see KWIDR
Keyword,  19*
KWAC, see Cycling
KWIC,  19* -20
  background, dark, 159*
  connective, 157*
  detail, omission, 122*
  documentation,  79*
  INDACS evaluation, 180* -181
  linear structure, input string,  63*
  plural, sorting, 155*
  repetition, 131*
  searcher preference, 166*
  sorting, 150*
  term
    input string,  59*
    list input string,  25*
  title enrichment,  81*
  typography, 156*
KWIDR,  37*
KWOC,  20* -21
  access term, input string,  59*
  accessibility, database, 170*
  documentation,  79*
  eliminability, citation order, 101* -104
  EPSILON evaluation, 181* -183
  heading, 158*
  INDACS evaluation, 180* -181
  indentation, 158*
  index producer, citation order control, 112* -113
  lead only term, 128*
  permuted cross-reference, 147*
  repetition, 131*
    parallel term, 138*
  searcher, 166*
  software, 170*
    string indexing system design, 176*
  sorting, 150* , 155* -156
  term list input string,  25*
  WUSCS evaluation, 183* -184
KWPSI,  24* -25
  backward pointing adjective, 131*
  connective, tree structure, input string,  67*
  heading, 158*
  index producer, detail control, omission, 122*
  linktype,  61*
Lay, see DOUBLE-KWIC
Layout, 156* , 158* -162
Lead only term, 127* -129
  cross-reference substitution, 144*
Lead term,   5
Ledley, see TABLEDEX
Legibility, lower case, 157*
Letter by letter sorting, 151*
Level, term,  64*
Level number, tree structure, input string,  65*
Library catalog display system,  29* -32
  electronic worksheet,  87*
  unit card,  51*
Library of Congress Classification, catalog display system,
     30*
Library of Congress Subject Headings,  50*
  catalog display system,  30*
  rare term first citation order, 100*
  WUSCS evaluation, 183* -184
Linear structure, input string,  62* -63
Link
  input string,  60* -72
  network diagram,  12-13
Link list, network structure, input string,  67* -68
Linked Phrase Indexing System, see LIPHIS
Linktype,  61* -62, see also Connective; Role code
  list,  77*
  strength,  97* , 105*
LIPHIS,  38* -39
  adjective, repetition after, 132*
  alternate term, 124*
  citation order, 104*
  connective, 119*
    typography, 157*
  heading, 158*
  lead only term, 128*
  linear structure, input string,  63*
  network structure, input string,  68* -69
  omission, 130*
  parallel term, 139*
  permuted cross-reference, 147*
  preposition, repetition after, 133* -134
  software, 170*
  sorting, 150*
  substitute term, 125*
Locator,   1* -2
  layout, 159*
Lower case, 157*
Luhn, see KWIC
Lynch, see ASI
Manual,  79* -80
MARC,  29* -32
Marshall, coded input string system,  28*
Michell, backward pointing adjective, 132*
Mills, Universal Decimal Classification,  52*
Mischo, see IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM
Mitre Corporation, KWOC,  21*
Modern Language Association, see CIFT
Multipage formatting, 160* -162
Multiple index entry,   3-4,   6
Multiscreen formatting, 160* -162
Multiterm expression,  58*
  cross-reference, 146* -147
MULTITERM,  27* -28
  collocation, term, input string,  58*
  index display, 171* -172
  role code, citation order control, 105* , 107*
Multiword term, input string,  58* ,  60*
National Insurance Law Service, see NILS SYSTEM
Natural language, see Ordinary language
Natural language order principle,  99*
NEPHIS,  38*
  access term, input string,  60*
  alternate term, 124*
  backward pointing
    adjective, 131*
    preposition, 117* , 132*
  bracket, tree structure, input string,  64* -65
  case ending, substitute term, 126* -127
  citation order, 104*
  coding software,  91*
  connective, 114* -115
    typography, 157*
  documentation,  80*
  error
    correction,  90* -91
    detection,  88* -89
  graphic display, indexer assistance,  92*
  illustration, 180*
  index display, 171* -172
  indexed item, 165*
  indexer
    assistance, 169*
    citation order control, 108* -109
  lead only term, 128*
  network structure simplification, input string,  69* -72
  omission, 130*
  ordinary language, indexer assistance,  80*
  parallel term, 139*
  permuted cross-reference, 147* -148
NEPHIS [continued]
  software, 170*
  substitute term, 125*
  thesaurus,  74* -75
Nested Phrase Indexing System, see NEPHIS
NETPAD,  39* -41
  accessibility, database, 170*
  ancillary input, lead only term, 129*
  citation order, 104*
  connective, typography, 157*
  detail, 169*
  documentation,  80*
  electronic worksheet,  87*
  graphic display, indexer assistance,  92* -93
  heading, 159*
  index display, 171* -172
  link list, network structure, input string,  68*
  linktype,  61*
  omission, parallel term, 136*
  parallel term, 134* -135
  permuted cross-reference, 147*
  searcher
    ancillary input,  77*
    citation order control, 113*
    detail control, omission, 122* -123
  sorting, 150*
  typography, 156*
Network structure, input string,  62* -63,  67* -72
Network diagram,  12-16
NILS SYSTEM,  48* -49
  access term, input string,  60*
  accessibility, database, 170*
Note, 148*
Obligatoriness principle, 100* , 105*
OLPI, ASI
  alternate term, 124*
  coding software,  91*
Omission, 121* -130
  parallel term, 135* -137
Online
  cross-reference, 145*
  index display,   5* -6, 172* -173
  omission, locator, layout, 159*
Order, see Citation order; Sorting
Ordinary language
  indexer assistance,  80*
  input string system, string indexing,  18* -25
Output, see Index display; Index element; Index string
Overlap, indexed item, 165*
PANDEX,  21* -22
  connective, 157* -158
  repetition, 131*
  substitute term, 125*
Parallel term, 134* -141
Parenthesis, see Bracket
PASI,  47* -48
  access term, input string,  60*
  accessibility, database, 170*
  linear structure, input string,  63*
  parallel term, 139*
Passive order,  99*
PERMDEX,  46* -47
  citation order, 104*
  electronic worksheet,  87*
  error detection,  88* -89
  hardware, 167* -168
  linear structure, input string,  63*
  sorting, 150*
Permuted cross-reference, 147* -148
Permuted string, see Index string
PERMUTERM,  22* -23
  detail, omission, 122*
  KWPSI,  24*
  software, 170*
  stoplist,  73* -198
  term
    input string,  59*
    list input string,  25*
Personnel, 167* -168
Petrarcha, see DOUBLE-KWIC
Plural, sorting, 155*
POPSI,  34* -35
  authority list,  83*
  citation order, 104*
  connective, 116* , 157*
  discipline, citation order control, 107* -108
  hardware, 171*
  illustration, 180*
  lead only term, 128*
  omission, 130*
  recall ratio, searcher need, 166*
  repetition, 131*
  role code
    faceted approach,  80*
    tree structure, input string,  66*
  searcher, 166* , 167*
Postcoordinate search,   3*
Postulate-based Permuted Subject Index, see POPSI
Pragmatic Approach to Subject Indexing, see PASI
PRECIS,  32* -34
  access term, input string,  60*
  accessibility, database, 170*
  adjective, 118* -119
    repetition after, 132*
  alternate term, 124* -125
  ambiguity, term, input string,  58*
  authority list,  81* -82
  case ending, 114*
    substitute term, 127*
  chronological order, 152* -154
  citation order, 101* , 104*
  coding software,  91*
  connective, 115* -117, 117* , 157*
  context dependency principle,  96* -99
  context principle, 104* -105
  cost, 168*
  cross-reference, 145*
  dependency principle, 104* -105
  detail, 169*
  documentation,  79* -80
  eliminability, citation order, 101* -104
  EPSILON evaluation, 181* -183
  error detection,  88*
  evaluation, 180*
  format, indexed item, 165*
  hardware, 171*
  heading, 158* -159
  illustration, 180*
  index display, 171* -172
  index string display, indexer assistance,  87*
  indexed item, 165*
  indexer, 167* -168
    assistance, 169*
  information resource, 167* -168
  Jamieson evaluation, 184* -185
  lead only term, 128*
  level number, tree structure, input string,  65*
  linear structure, input string,  63*
  linktype,  61*
  multiterm expression, cross-reference, 146*
  multiword term, input string,  60*
  omission, 129* -130
    parallel term, 135* -137
  parallel term, 140* -141
  preposition, repetition after, 132* -133
  repetition, parallel term, 138*
  role code
    citation order control, 105* -107
    faceted approach,  80* -81
    network structure, input string,  69*
    tree structure, input string,  66* -67
  searcher, 166*
  software, 170*
  sorting, 150* , 152*
  structure, syntax, 118* -119
  subject, indexed item, 164*
  substitute term, 125* -126
  thesaurus,  74* -76
  time, coding, 169*
  typography, 156*
  vocabulary control, 170*
  worksheet,  84*
  WUSCS evaluation, 18* 3* -184
Precision ratio,   6*
  efficiency, search,  10-11
  searcher need, 166*
Precoordinate index display,   3*
Predictability,   7* -8
  sorting, 148*
Preferred term, 144*
Preposition, 114* -116, see also Connective
  backward pointing, 117* , 132*
  repetition after, 132* -134
Preserved Context Index System, see PRECIS
Punctuation, 114* -116, see also Connective
Qualification function,  13
  connective, 117*
  preposition, 114* -115
Ranganathan, see also Chain Procedure; Colon Classification
  citation order,  96*
  decreasing concreteness principle,  99*
  POPSI, discipline, citation order control, 107*
Rare term first citation order, 100*
Recall ratio,   6*
  efficiency, search,  10-11
  searcher need, 166*
Recognizability, upper case, 157*
Redundant information, efficiency, search,   9-10
Reference, see Cross-reference; Locator
Relation, see Link
RELATIONAL INDEXING,  41-43
  access term, input string,  60*
  backward pointing
    adjective, 131* -132
    preposition, 117* , 132*
  citation order, 104*
  connective, 119*
    sorting, 152*
  documentation,  80*
  error detection,  88*
  graphic display, indexer assistance,  92*
  heading, 158*
  illustration, 180*
  indexer, citation order control, 109* -111
  link list, network structure, input string,  68*
  linktype,  61*
  parallel term, 140*
  permuted cross-reference, 147*
  worksheet,  84*
Relevance,   6*
Repetition, 131* -134
  parallel term, 138*
Resource, 167* -168
Response time, 172* -173
Role code,  27*
  citation order control, 105* -107
  faceted approach,  80* -81
  network structure, input string,  69*
  tree structure, input string,  66* -67
Rotation, see KWIC
Scanning,   1*
Scatter, see Collocation
Schneider, see CASIN
Schnurr, usability measure, 180*
Science Citation Index, see PERMUTERM
Search,   1*,   3*,   8* -11
  network diagram,  16
Searcher, 166* -167
  ancillary input,  76* -77
  assistance, online cross-reference, 145*
  citation order control, 113*
  detail control, omission, 122* -123
  EPSILON evaluation, 181* -183
  WUSCS evaluation, 183* -184
Selection, 163* -175
Semantic neutrality principle, 100* , 105*
Sharp, see SLIC
Shunting, eliminability, citation order, 101* -104
Singular, sorting, 155*
Sinha, see PASI
Skolnik, see MULTITERM
SLIC,  26* -27
  alphabetical citation order, 100*
  column layout, 159*
  detail, omission, 122*
Software, 170* -171, see also Index string generator
Sorghum and Millets Information Center, see PASI
Sorting, 148* -156
Specificity, see Detail
STATEMENT INDEXING,  28* -29
  multiterm expression, cross-reference, 146*
Stoplist,  19* ,  72* -73
String index,   3* -4, see also  specific aspect
String indexing,   1* , see also  specific aspect
  system design, 175* -179
Structure
  input string,  62* -72
  syntax, 117* -119
Subheading, 158* -160
Subject, indexed item, 164*
Subject heading list,  50* , see also
      Library of Congress Subject Headings
  information resource, 167*
Substitute term, 123* , 125* -127
Succinctness,   7* -8
Svenonius, string indexing system illustration, 180*
Syntax,   4*,   6* ,  95* -120, see also Citation order;
        Connective
Systematic Indexing,  50* -51
TABLEDEX,  26* -27
  column layout, 159*
  database, citation order control, 112*
  detail, omission, 122*
Term,   2* , 121* -142, see also Access term; Lead term
  cross-reference substitution, 144*
  error correction,  90*
  informativeness citation order,  99* -100
  input string,  57* -60
  list input string,  25* -28
  network diagram,  12* -13
  order, see Citation order
  relation, see Link
Thesaurus,  73* -76, see also Authority list; Cross-reference
  note generation, 148*
Thomas, KWOC, index producer, citation order control,
    112* -113
Time
  coding, 168* -169
  indexing, INDACS evaluation, 180* -181
  response, 172* -173
Title
  catchword index,  49*
  enrichment,  81*
TOPSI-UNIV,  54* -55
  indexer, citation order control, 108*
Tree structure, input string,  62* -63,  63* -67
Truncation, KWIC,  19* -20
Typography, 156* -158
Unit card,  51*
Universal Decimal Classification,  52*
Universal Index Entry Generator, see TOPSI-UNIV
Upper case, 157*
Usability measure, 180*
User illusion, online index display,   5* -6
UTLAS, PRECIS
  error detection,  88*
  index string display, indexer assistance,  87*
Vladutz, see KWPSI
Vocabulary control, 170* , see also Thesaurus
Voress, KWIC, plural, sorting, 155*
Watt, Bibliotheca Britannica, title catchword index,  49*
White space, KWIC,  20*
Whitehall, KWOC, index producer, citation order control,
    112* -113
Wollongong University Library Subject Catalogue Study, see
    WUSCS
Worksheet,  83* -87
WUSCS evaluation, 183* -184
Yeats, see STATEMENT INDEXING
Yerkey, see PERMDEX

<--Appendix E: Some Organizations Involved in String Indexing Contents