I'd like to acknowledge the many contributions by Jeroen Bosman, who maintains the Geosource site.
Citi\304state-- n. -- A region consisting of one or more historic central cities surrounded by cities and towns which have a shared identification, function as a single zone for trade, commerce and communication, and are characterized by social, economic and environmental interdependence. Hist. Similar to city states of antiquity (e.g. Athens, Rome, Carthage) or medieval times (e.g. the Hanseatic League), except that modern citistates engage in instant electronic communication and capital transfer, and are the chief recipients of world population growth.Citistates would have made little sense under the old paradigm of American thinking -- federal, state, local. But they emerge as the centerpiece of a new paradigm -- global, regional, and neighborhood. Citistates become the focus of how our world is now organizing itself.
cyber-social-science, cybersociology, cyber-sociology, cyber-soc, cybersoc, cybersociety, cybergeography, cyberanthropology, cyberpsychology, cyber-psychology, psyber-psychology, cybereconomics, cyber-economics, cyber NEAR "cultural studies", sociology NEAR cyberspace, web-sociology, websociology, social-informatics, internet-economics, internet-history, ...
My list of possible keywords has been growing rapidly during this project, and I noted the lack of standardized terminology across academic disciplines. The reason for the predominance of keywords including 'cyber' is due to my attempt to exhaust this type of terminology before continuing on to different types of keyword combinations -- Social + (Internet, Informatics, Information Technology, Information Science, Networks ...).
1.Framing the research question 2.Sampling 3.Statistics 4.Research design, particularly controlling threats to internal and external validity 5.Writing the report, i.e., the new format for citations.
According to Dick Morley, president of Flavors Technology (Manchester, N.H.) and the keynote speaker at the Advanced Manufacturing Technology Conference held last month in Cleveland, Ohio, "Only one thing creates wealth - technology and the ability to use it. In ten years, computers will be 100 times more powerful than they are now, at one/tenth of the cost."
Morley, a well-traveled technology futurist, expounded on the Japanese view of manufacturing in the first decade of the this century:
Editor aside: Identification of "context" requires skill in pattern recognition - "seeing" implications of the cross-currents of social and technological trends. Some of these are: collapse of hierarchy in many different areas: political, military, business, etc.; proliferation of networks in diverse contexts; appearance and spread of wireless devices of all kinds and their interconnection; apparent increasing violence in electronic games, TV programming, educational institutions, domestic situations, ethnic frictions, neo-national movements; empowerment of the individual and the linking of individuals into work teams.
Bandwidth is the railway that transports intellectual capital. However it is more than this, it is in effect tied up in a symbiotic relationship with that capital, as it facilitates its creation. Once an area has access to bandwidth, it is on the network, and now becomes a more economically viable venue for the creation of ideas and innovation, able to participate in the new economy. The degree of this participation will have a direct relationship with the quantity of bandwidth available for access. This is why Enterprise Ireland, a state development body, is creating a number of digital business parks in Cork, Limerick and Galway, that will be connected onto a broadband network. By putting these rural areas on the network they have connected into the new economy, with the aim of attracting start-ups in digital media, e-business and software. Cisco systems is now the largest company in the world in terms of market capitalisation; this is because they are market leaders in the production of\u2020 networking technology. The network is becoming the economy.
(l) Demographics. (2) Natural resources and environment. (3) Science and technology. (4) The global economy and globalization. (5) National and international governance. (6) Future conflict. (7) The role of the United States.In examining these drivers, several points should be kept in mind:
Global Trends 2015 provides a flexible framework to discuss and debate the future. The methodology is useful for our purposes, although admittedly inexact for the social scientist. Our purpose is to rise above short-term, tactical considerations and provide a longer-term, strategic perspective. Judgments about demographic and natural resource trends are based primarily on informed extrapolation of existing trends. In contrast, many judgments about science and technology, economic growth, globalization, governance, and the nature of conflict represent a distillation of views of experts inside and outside the United States Government. The former are projections about natural phenomena, about which we can have fairly high confidence; the latter are more speculative because they are contingent upon the decisions that societies and governments will make.
The drivers we emphasize will have staying power. Some of the trends will persist; others will be less enduring and may change course over the time frame we consider. The major contribution of the National Intelligence Council (NIC), assisted by experts from the Intelligence Community, has been to harness US Government and specialists to identify drivers, to determine which ones matter most, to highlight key uncertainties, and to integrate analysis of these trends into a national security context. The result identifies issues for more rigorous analysis and quantification.
New citizen categories are reached if plans are presented also via the Internet. New categories of users create an increased demand on presentation methods. E.g. to be able to assess uncertainty in an analysis result Monte Carlo simulation can be a useful tool.