History of War

IN THE 20TH CENTURY

 

World War II: Technological Advances

World War II Statistics

Total military deaths: 22,000,000 to 30,000,000

Total civilian deaths due to military activity: 19,000,000
to 30,000,000

Total civilian deaths due to war-related famine and disease:
19,000,000 to 25,000,000

Total deaths: 60,000,000 to 85,000,000

Total Soviet deaths: 21,800,000 to 28,000,000

Total American deaths: 420,000

Total German deaths: 7,000,000 to 9,000,000

Estimated percentage of European Jewish population killed in the Holocaust:
67%

Radar

Radar/Sonar

The implementation of radar and sonar completely changed military strategy in World War II because of how it basically eliminated the element of surprise, especially with respect to missile attacks. Radar and Sonar are ever-present in today’s technological society and can be seen in everything from police radar guns to fish-detection technology.

 

Rubber tire

Synthetic Rubber

Since most of the Western Allies’ rubber was previously imported from the Pacific, their war with Japan jeopardized their ability to manufacture rubber-based technologies. In a desperate attempt to find a substitute, B.F Goodrich company scientist, Waldo Semon, developed a much cheaper version of synthetic rubber, which previously been extremely expensive to produce.

 

Blood tranfusion

Blood Transfusions

Like so many other medical technologies, blood transfusions did not necessarily develop because of World War II, but they certainly became much more effective. Soldiers who lost blood on the battlefield would need blood transfusions immediately, which required a well-oiled machine to deliver the appropriate amount of blood, type of blood, and temperature of blood to patients at a moment’s notice.

Computer

 

 

Computing

As seen in the 2014 film The Imitation Game, the origins of advanced computer and artificial intelligence began in World War II because of Alan Turing, the man who is responsible for breaking the German enigma coding machine. The machine Turing built used a combination of algorithms to figure out puzzles at a speed far superior to that of even the smartest human being and this technology is in place in every “smart” device on the market today.